影响力-Instagram网红如何每帖10万美元

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Open Instagram and scroll, and you probably will not be able to stay more than a few seconds without seeing any one you follow to promote a brand, that it’s a celebrity, of A wannabe celebrity or a random girl with whom you went to university. famous fashion blogger.

打开Instagram往下刷,每隔几秒就会出现一条推广,有明星、有正在成为明星的普通人、甚至还有你曾经在大学的时候偶然认识的一个怀揣时尚博主梦的女孩。

According to the Traackr Influencer Management Platform, 72% of top brands say they devote a significant portion of their marketing budgets to influencers – people who have close relationships with an audience that may strongly influence decisions such as that buying habits. According to them, fashion bloggers and sports instructors are the next step in advertising. They make deeper connections with people than a magazine page and can therefore influence potential customers.

据网红管理平台Traackr介绍,市场推广阶段,72%大品牌时都会拨出一大笔预算用于KOL推广,他们往往和用户有极强连接,会在很大程度上影响到用户,以及他们的购买习惯等消费行为。Traackr认为,时尚和健身类博主可能是下一步的品牌重点,他们不只出现在时尚杂志上,还会和大众产生紧密联系,因此动摇潜在消费者的购买意愿。

The space of influencers, which once consisted of semi-celebrity bloggers generating additional income, has turned into a real career. The industry has evolved significantly over the years, from the storm to the new demands of the Federal Trade Commission that influencers must now explicitly indicate when they are paid, or the increase in the number of false followers.

过去,网红营销只是小有名气的人赚外快的方式,如今却成了一份真正的职业。数十年间,网红营销行业经历着大变革,一方面,联邦商业委员会发布新政策:如有推广必须注明;另一方面,平台上假账号泛滥,注水严重。

Joe Gagliese, one of the co-founders of Viral Nation, is an influential agency that boasts of being able to “create the most viral, the most captivating and the most focused social media influence campaigns” on the return on investment of global brands. “

Joe Gagliese是Viral Nation的联合创始人之一,是一家有影响力的机构,拥有能够“为全球品牌的投资回报创造最具传播性,最具吸引力和最具针对性的社交媒体影响力”。

Viral Nation works with influencers you probably know (like PewDiePie, one of the most followed people on YouTube) and many others you probably have not heard of. Combining them with big brands, Gagliese and its team of 50 people make millions of dollars from what you love, look and buy. A few weeks ago I grabbed breakfast with Gagliese in New York to talk about the current state of the influencer industry. This interview has been edited and condensed.

爆款帝国就是其中翘楚,这家网红营销公司,面向全球品牌,生产最爆款、最抓人、ROI导向的社交媒体网红营销,合作最为出名的网红就是YouTube上的最火游戏博主PiwDiePie。据创始人之一Joe Gagliese透露,双方合作中,这家50人左右的公司可以通过你的点赞、观看和购买行为中赚到巨额回报。

影响力-Instagram网红如何每帖10万美元
Viral Nation合作网红之一,YouTube头号游戏博主PewDiePie

How did you start in the space of influencers?

Vox:为什么做网红营销?

My co-founder, Mathew Micheli, and I met at high school in Toronto and founded Viral Nation in 2012. Previously, we ran a liquidation business where we bought items from major retailers and sold them to liquidators. brand connections.

I was also a hockey player and I had a lot of friends playing in the NHL. About six years ago, one of our friends was working as an agent for an NHL player and he let me work on a few endorsement contracts for his client. I noticed that major brands like Under Armor were in the process of signing up to social media, but hockey players were getting nothing more because no one really understood the value.

We spent a week studying platforms like YouTube, Instagram, Twitter and Vine, and developed an economic model. We then started working with some hockey players to reinforce their presence on social networks and get them money off their social network. Our first non-hockey client was Vine star Ray Ligaya, who is currently working for us. We signed an agreement with him and Post Cereals, and two weeks later, a customer grew to 16. In our first year, we signed about $ 500,000 in sponsorship contracts for influencers. Very soon, we signed 700.

Gagliese:我的联合创始人Mathew Micheli和我在多伦多的高中相遇并于2012年成立了Viral Nation。之前,我们经营了一家清算公司,我们从主要零售商处购买商品并将其出售给清算人。

6年前,一位在NHL(全国曲棍球联合会)做经纪的朋友找到我,让我帮他找人给客户做背书。当时注意到,一些大品牌如Under Armour,都会在合同中注明社交推广需求,但没有人意识到曲棍球运动员的价值,他们的收入并未因此增加。
我们先是用了一周去调研YouTube、Instagram、Twitter和Vine(6秒短视频平台),确定了商业模型。接下来就帮曲棍球运动员建社交账号,做运营,付给他们一定费用。
紧接着就拿下了一个客户,促成Vine网红Ray Ligaya(现已加入我司)和宝氏麦片的合作。2周后签约客户突破16家,一年内的网红营销合作突破50万美元,签约网红超过700个。

There are tons of agencies of influence in the market. What distinguishes Viral Nation?

网红营销公司那么多,Viral Nation的特别之处在哪里?

If we succeeded, it’s because we contacted influencers instead of focusing on the brand. We made ourselves the owners of the influencers space, while the different companies that wanted to work with brands became our sellers. Today, Viral Nation maintains relationships with 10,000 influencers and is the largest influencing agency in the industry.

Gagliese:主要原因在于,我们是主动接触KOL,而不是站在品牌方,想要同品牌合作的机构可以变成我们的销售。如今,VN签约网红超过1万名,在行业里规模最大。

Who are the clients and influencers you work with?

合作客户和KOL有哪些?

We work with personalities like Liza Koshy and [Lilly Singh, who goes by the online alias] IISuperwomanII, [the comedian] Bart Baker, Scotty Sire, Lewis Hilsenteger[quipassepar[whogoesby[quipassepar[whogoesby Unbox Therapy], the player SSSNIPERWOLF [whose real name is Lia Wolf], [and luxury content reviewer] Anish Bhatt.

In terms of brands, we work with hundreds of companies, such as Crayola, Anheuser-Busch, Spin Master, Match.com, Wish, Jet.com, Wrigley, Mars, Chinese technology giants Baidu and Tencent. [a Chinese company that owns the messaging app WeChat]who is our biggest customer by far.

Gagliese:YouTube头号游戏博主PewDiePie、游戏博主sssniperwolf、搞笑博主Bart Baker、Scotty Sire、奢侈品评测博主Anish Bhatt等。

品牌方有儿童品牌Crayola、玩具品牌Spin Master、食品品牌Wish,以及中国科技公司如百度、腾讯等。

影响力-Instagram网红如何每帖10万美元
游戏博主sssniperwolf

What kind of money does your company earn?

盈利情况如何?

Four years ago, Viral Nation spent about $ 1.2 million a year, and last year we reached $ 4.5 million. This year, the company is about to make $ 20 million in transactions.

四年前,Viral Nation每年花费约120万美元,去年我们达到了450万美元。今年,该公司有2000万美元的交易。

On which platforms are influencers paid to create content most often?

KOL最青睐的平台是哪个?

It’s mainly Youtube and Instagram. Interestingly, in the last 18 months, no influencer has campaigned with us on Snapchat.

YouTube和Instagram。有意思的是。过去一年半,没有一个网红和我们合作在Snapchat上发布内容。

How much do influencers charge per publication?

KOL们的报价如何?

It depends on the influencer and its number of subscribers. A micro-influencer, which has between 10,000 and 50,000 followers, is actually very useful. Before, they earned only a few hundred dollars, but today they receive a minimum of a few thousand dollars per shift.

Influencers with up to 1 million followers can get $ 10,000 [per post]Depending on the platform and the million followers you follow, you enter a territory where they can charge $ 100,000. Some may even get $ 250,000 for a post! Especially if the content is on Youtube and the influencer is in the video game industry.

和KOL本人,以及粉丝量有关。10000-50000的微型网红其实性价比最高,以前的收费是几百美元,现在涨到小几千美元。
百万粉丝上下的网红,单条图文1万美元,根据平台差异有所调整。百万级以上的网红单条可达10万美元,甚至25万美元。尤其是YouTube博主和游戏大V。

How much do typical influencers earn each year?

网红们一般每年收入有多少?

People with smaller subscriptions [who are known as nanoinfluencers] can bring in between $ 30,000 and $ 60,000 a year. Micro-influencers can earn between $ 40,000 and $ 100,000. Celeb influencers are making their way, a lot more.

纳米网红(粉丝量1万以下)每年约3-6万,微型网红(粉丝1-5万)5-10万,大V更高。

Why are these people considered so valuable?

为什么这些大V有价值?

These influencers have passed on the territory of celebrities. Their approval is as useful as working with LeBron. They have an incredibly engaged audience and have the ability to make very big numbers.

We actually think that influencers have more impact than athletes and television stars because they are more easily assimilated. So why pay a celebrity $ 50 million for a market while it can be divided in half? impact?

他们已经在向明星迈进了,一条图文效果甚至堪比勒布朗·詹姆斯,他们和用户有极强联系,能带来真正转化。
我们相信,网红比运动员和电视明星的影响力还大,因为粉丝粘性高,更有可能转化成功。可以这么理解,我把付给一个明星的5000万美元分散支付给多个KOL,产生真正的转化。

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Micro-influencers can earn between $ 40,000 and $ 100,000 a year through social media content.
Westend61 / Getty Images

I do not see how you can track this financially, though. For me, the likes and points of view on social media appear as a false product impossible to quantify.

如何评估转化效率呢?点赞和观看,甚至是虚假流量,很影响评估?

We work very carefully to extract data from our campaigns. We review opinions, tastes, engagement rates, watch times, click-through rates, comments, for example, to share with brands. And what is good is that we are able to guarantee a certain level of interaction.

我们对待数据很谨慎,会和品牌分享阅读、点赞、互动、观看时间、点击率、评论等你需要的数据。但我们做的好的地方在于,我们保证真实的互动水平。

Can you give me an example of how an influencer who has a high audience has proven that its impact is equivalent to its number of subscribers?

举个例子吧,粉丝量众多的KOL的转化能力如何?

We work with this influencer, Demetrius Harmon (who called MeechOnMars). He is an African-American influencer who talks about anxiety and depression, and his engagement rate is about 30%, which is obscene. He launched a clothing line called You Matter, and all exhausted.

Demetrius Harmon,一个非裔美国人,YouTube上有45万粉丝,互动率高达30%。他的自创品牌You Matter,每一款都完美售罄。

Have you ever seen a poorly done campaign?

哪些网红营销做错了?

Uh, every day. Take watches for example because I see you are wearing a Michele watch. When influencers work with watch brands, everyone posts the same picture, which is a picture of them sitting in a cafe or somewhere, looking at their watch on their arm. In the legend, somewhere buried, you will find information about the watch.

It does absolutely nothing. All the motivation of an influencer, and what will make people click and buy, has to be creative. If you were good at work, you would talk about the watch and interact with the audience, explaining the pros and cons, the reasons you bought it, and the people you bought it for. The reality is that 80% of the content in this industry is bad, like those in watch photos, because it’s the easiest way to do it. But the remaining 20% ​​is what works.

以手表为例,多数网红和手表品牌合作,用的都是同一种图,要么是戴着手表坐在咖啡馆,要么是健身房里看时间,最终的结果是,用户记住的只有手表信息。
这样做毫无意义,创意才是网红的真正价值,只有创意才能让用户点击和买单。如果你在工作上有专长,就结合工作场景讲讲这款表的优势和劣势,你买它的原因,以及,你想把表送给谁。
实际情况是,这个行业里,80%的内容质量都很差,比如千篇一律的、很容易拍出来的手表推广图,而剩下的20%才是优秀的推广。

Is it easy to become an influencer?

当网红简单吗?

It’s like winning the lottery. This is largely lucky. Think about the guy who became famous for doing the shiggy dance[etaaidélachansondeDrake[andhelpedDrake’ssong[etaaidélachansondeDrake[andhelpedDrake’ssongIn my feelingsexplode]. We were considering paying to attend a Lakers match as Wish’s ambassador. A few months ago, it did not exist! I think a lot of people want to be like him, but his fame will not happen to most people. Being an influencer requires a lot of work, it’s a full-time job, and you could work on it for four years before you get into the fight.

一点也不,和中乐透一样,多数时候靠运气。之前有一个跳Shiggy舞出名的网红,我们本来打算签下来做Wish电商平台的代言人的,结果才几个月,他就销声匿迹了。
可能很多人都想变成他,但没有什么人可以有他的运气。做网红非常辛苦,这是一份全职工作,在成名之前,或许会蛰伏四年之久。
影响力-Instagram网红如何每帖10万美元
Shiggy舞视频

Are there strategies to help people become one?

有没有什么方法指导?

You have a great chance of being an influencer if you are doing something new or trendy. Unfortunately, beauty wins. Some brands do not want to work with bigger girls. The landscape is a bit crappy in this way, especially for young girls, because the fastest growing industries of influence are beauty and fitness. But that does not mean that it is not impossible; In fact, there is a lot going on on the social side that promotes positivity movements of the body and there is an increased demand for these types of influencers.

The other thing, of course, is to have access. A couple of guys just contacted us and their thing is that they are extremely wealthy and own 20 cars that are Lamborghini, Ferraris and McLarens. Everyone wants to be an influencer of luxury cars, but these guys already have access, so I know they’re going to kill him on YouTube.

如果做得有新意,找准了发展赛道,希望还是很大的,可惜的是,这个时代,美貌就是一切,时尚品牌不会愿意和大码女孩合作。但美妆和健身是未来网红营销的主要趋势,那么,对年轻女孩而言,未来发展可能有些坎坷。
不过也不是全无机会,目前社会上也在倡导积极的身体运动,这个赛道依然需要有人去跑。
另一个方法当然是找到渠道了。不少家境优渥的男生曾经找到我们公司,因为家里有矿,有20多辆兰博基尼、法拉利等豪车,就像做一个豪车博主,他们找到了渠道,肯定会在YouTube上大放异彩。

So you have more chances to succeed if you are privileged?

如果你有特权,你有更多的机会成功吗?

Very often, yes, what kind of nonsense about this industry now, that’s what it’s all about.

很多时候,是的,现在这个行业还很混乱,这就是它的全部意义所在。

Let’s use it as a case study. I am a brunette Jewish journalist and a new mom who loves hiking and fashion. How much would it cost to become a profitable influencer? Would I need a tummy tuck or a new glamorous wardrobe?

Vox:以我为例,我个字不高、犹太人、褐色头发、记者、刚当上妈妈,喜欢远足和时尚。如果我要变成网红,需要花多少钱?要学点整蛊吗,或者换件漂亮的新斗篷?

I would focus on your personality, not your life, because you look good and people relate to it. You could start blogging about your baby or fashion, but I think people will love you more for you. From there, I would say that for $ 250,000, we could help you become an influencer. We would devote this time to content creation and collaborations. This would allow you to expose yourself to a point where brands will want to support you. But just to be clear, we do not do it. We only work with influencers who are already at this level.

还是关注你的性格,而不是你的生活。因为你人很棒,用户会喜欢的。可以先从晒娃或者时尚开始,不过大家应该会更喜欢你这个人吧。
制定好方向之后,我觉得可以用25万打造成一个网红,我们帮你发内容,找合作,让你有更多曝光,品牌愿意找你背书。
不过呢,我们不做网红孵化,只和成熟网红合作。

What are the negative aspects of being an influencer?

当网红有什么负面影响吗?

We saw faithful followers attacking people very quickly. Say something racist and you can count on your career immediately. I guess it talks about the power of the platform, in that you can be built very quickly, but you can lose everything very easily, because in fact many of these relationships are [just] digital.

粉丝容易让人飘,但一旦说错话,比如种族主义,你的前途就会断送。你在平台上的一切影响力,来得快也去得快,毕竟,你所有的关系都是数字化的。

In your opinion, is there anything that brands are not doing well in this space?

品牌做错过什么事情吗?

I think a lot of brands want young influencers, who have a Millennial and Generation Z audience. In reality, an average age audience is also a valuable demographic group because it is responsive on social media. Women in their forties are actually inclined to spend the most money. We work with Gerry Brooks, one of the influencers, who is a school director and Facebook personality with nearly a million “likes”; 90% of his followers are women who work as teachers and are 35 years old and over. It’s a unique and lucrative audience.

多数品牌都希望博主的粉丝年龄偏小,千禧一代或是Z世代。然而,中年用户市场潜力很大,因为他们会对社交媒体迅速做出反应。40岁上下的女性更喜欢大把花钱。
我们合作过的Gerry Brooks是某校校长,也是Facebook上的百万赞网红,他的粉丝里,有90%都是35岁上下的女性教师。这群用户非常独特,对市场很有吸引力。
影响力-Instagram网红如何每帖10万美元

Do you find it more difficult to trust Facebook, knowing that they have been accused of lying on the numbers in the old days?

你是否觉得更难以信任Facebook,因为他们知道他们曾被指责在过去的数字上造假?

No. Facebook and Google have built my life, and I think there are so many things in this space that it’s easy to get lost. Maybe someone inside the organization has had too much freedom, but I do not think the organization would ever tolerate such a thing. I guess I trust those guys too much. I see a lot of what they do for the creators and I think they do a lot to help businesses.

Facebook和谷歌已经组成了我的生活,我认为这个领域有很多东西很容易迷失。也许组织内部的人有太多的自由,但我认为组织不会容忍这样的事情。我想我太信任那些家伙了。我看到他们为创作者做了很多事情,我认为他们为帮助企业做了很多工作。

Have you ever had a problem with influencers who buy followers?

有没有遇到过网红数据造假的问题?

Never. We are looking for red flags, for example if someone’s comments are all emojis but not real words, or if the data on the views show that they all come from Bangladesh or the Philippines. We know this space very well, but I think many marketers do not know it. So I would say it’s a problem in the industry. We take it really seriously, though; In our contracts, influencers can not buy members, and if they do, they may be sued by brands.

重来没有过。我们会认真评估对方帐号的,例如如果某人的评论都是表情符号但不是真实的话,或者视图中的数据显示它们都来自孟加拉国或菲律宾。我们非常了解这个行业,但我认为很多营销人员都不知道。所以我想说这是业界的一个问题。不过,我们认真对待它;在我们的合同中,有影响力的人不能购买会员,如果他们这样做,他们可能会被品牌起诉。

Since this is your career, and I imagine it occupies most of your life, do you feel like living in a fictitious world?

网红营销这个工作,是否占了你的多数生活,你感觉自己活在一个虚假的世界里吗?

Totally. This can sometimes seem terrible because nothing seems tangible. But what I do to take care of myself, is limit social media. I am not on Facebook.

当然,有时候感觉特别糟糕,没有什么是真实的。我会限制我对社交媒体的使用,比如不上Facebook。
听上去可能和我做的工作很矛盾,但我的工作环境更多还是和企业家的合作,只是我个人喜欢把个人生活和社交媒体分开。

But do not you think it’s ironic that the guy who passes between millions of brands and digital celebrities limits the media he encourages?

但是,你认为这个在数百万品牌和网红之间传递的人限制了他鼓励的媒体,难道你不觉得具有讽刺意味吗?

Well, I love this sector and I really like working in a sector full of entrepreneurs. I just prefer to separate my personal life with social media.

好吧,我喜欢这个行业,我真的很喜欢在一个充满企业家的行业工作。我只是喜欢将自己的个人生活与社交媒体分开。

What do you think of the next wave of influencers who are not even real people? Like, these digital avatars, Lil Miquela or Shudu, landing campaigns?

那么,你认为下一波网红风潮会不会不再是真人,比如数字阿凡达、假人Lip Miquela、或者数字模特Shudu?

I think it’s crazy and, frankly, wrong. It’s not normal for kids to watch and interact with something that does not exist, it’s just a puppet hung by a guy. I think that’s part of the technology that could make kids crazy. I think that many influencers do incredible things and you can say that the public likes them. But once you start working in the fake influencers, it becomes a little scary.

说实话,不太可能。让小孩从小就和这些不存在的网红互动,感觉不太对。现在可能有不少网红会做出很不错的内容,深受用户喜欢,但一旦网红也不再真实,这事儿就有点吓人了。

版权声明:本文内容以盗版加工为主,原创为辅,意在分享,收藏,记录工作中的点点滴滴。不代表任何组织,不代表任何商业机构,也不代表我个人所有想法。
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4 评论

  1. 鼠标点击效果很炫啊,太厉害了吧

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